Peanut protein reduces the risk of gestational diabetes

Gestational (pregnancy) diabetes is a growing problem in the healthcare sector. A remarkable seven per cent of all pregnancies in the USA have gestational diabetes complications, posing a disadvantage over the long term for both mother and child. This is because it is associated with the predisposition to the state of being overweight or with type 2 diabetes. Dietary protein is a significant regulator of glucose metabolism. Therefore, a US study conducted in 2013 examined the relationship between protein consumption and the onset of gestational diabetes. The study was based on data from the "Nurses Health Study II". Since 1989, this study has been monitoring more than 100,000 American nurses and evaluating their dietary habits and medical conditions that manifest themselves by conducting regular interviews. The analysis of the data from 21,457 pregnancies in the years 1991-2001 pertaining to women who were healthy before they became pregnant revealed 870 cases of gestational diabetes. When comparing eating habits, the researchers found that there is a much higher risk of developing gestational diabetes when consuming animal protein – especially red meat – compared to vegetable protein. In particular, high nut consumption, including peanuts and peanut butter, reduced the risk of gestational diabetes. Once five percent of the animal protein in the diet was replaced by vegetable protein, the risk of gestational diabetes was reduced by 51 per cent. Peanuts and nuts in general are an excellent source of protein, rich in monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids, fibre and magnesium, and they have a relatively low glycaemic index. These factors, individually or in combination, are associated with improved insulin sensitivity and a lower risk of diabetes.

 

 

Source:

  

Bao W et al.: Prepregnancy Dietary Protein Intake, Major Dietary Protein Sources, and the Risk of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. A prospective cohort study. Diabetes Care. 2013 Jul; 36(7): 2001–2008.

 

Necessary cookies

    Back

    Cookies for Marketing purpose

      Back

      Analysis of user behavior

        Back

        Other cookies

          Back

          Not classified Cookies

            Back

            We respect your privacy

            Our website cookies help to make your visit to our site more enjoyable. We take your preferences into account and only use the data for which you give us your consent.

            Make your selection here:

            Necessary cookies

            Cookies for Marketing purpose

            Other cookies

            Analysis of user behavior

            Not classified Cookies

            Learn more about the use of cookies in our Privacy policy. You can withdraw your consent to the use of cookies and scripts at any time here!

            Accept all cookies
            Save selection

            Necessary cookies

              Back

              Cookies for Marketing purpose

                Back

                Analysis of user behavior

                  Back

                  Other cookies

                    Back

                    Not classified Cookies

                      Back

                      We respect your privacy

                      Our website cookies help to make your visit to our site more enjoyable. We take your preferences into account and only use the data for which you give us your consent.

                      Make your selection here:

                      Necessary cookies

                      Cookies for Marketing purpose

                      Other cookies

                      Analysis of user behavior

                      Not classified Cookies

                      Learn more about the use of cookies in our Privacy policy. You can withdraw your consent to the use of cookies and scripts at any time here!

                      Accept all cookies
                      Save selection